24 February 2015 by Administrator
Tay Siew Huang
Director of Air Traffic Inspectorate Division
Tel: +603 8871 4215
Fax: +603 8871 4333
In 1985, the Inspectorate Unit was established, under the Air Traffic Services (ATS) Division, DCA with the objective to ensure that air traffic controllers (ATCOs) possess the knowledge, experience, competence, skill, physical and mental fitness in accordance with the provisions of ICAO Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention – Personnel Licensing. However, only the function of air traffic control (ATC) examinations was conducted by the Unit due to various constraints at that time. Subsequently, the licensing of ATCOs commenced in 1992; this requirement (Malaysia Civil Aviation Regulations 1996, Regulation 92) is applicable to all ATCOs in DCA, including the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF), in particular for ATCOs who control civil traffic.
In view of the Unit’s increased activities related to additional scope of job functions and responsibilities in ATS, the Unit was upgraded to a Division in 2002. The newly established ATS Inspectorate Division comprised of suitably qualified ATCOs who are selected based on their specific work experience, knowledge and attributes.
Following the ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) in 2005, other than the safety oversight of ATS, the functions and responsibilities of the ATS Inspectorate Division were expanded to include safety oversight in the other areas of air navigation services (ANS), namely Procedures for ANS-Aircraft Operations (PANS-OPS), Aeronautical Information Services (AIS), Aeronautical Charts (CHART), Communication Navigation and Surveillance (CNS), Aeronautical Meteorology (MET) and Search and Rescue (SAR). The renamed Air Traffic Inspectorate Division (Bahagian Inspektorat Trafik Udara, or known as BIT) was vested with regulatory responsibility to ensure that the ANS providers implement ANS-related provisions in accordance with the national legislations and all ANS-related ICAO Annexes, namely Annex 1 Personnel Licensing (ATC licensing & ATC-ATO portions only), Annex 2 Rules of the Air, Annex 3 Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation, Annex 4 Aeronautical Charts, Annex 10 Aeronautical Telecommunications, Annex 11 Air Traffic Services, Annex 12 Search & Rescue, Annex 15 AIS, and including Annex 5 Units of Measurement to be used in Air and Ground Operations.
In April 2015, the regulatory functions of the BIT were further re-aligned to focus on the safety oversight of the ANS providers for ATS, PANS-OPS, AIS, CHART, MET and SAR excluding CNS (which is now vested with the Airport Standards Division, DCA). Consequently, the applicable ICAO Annexes that relate to the BIT’s safety oversight functions are Annex 1 Personnel Licensing (ATC licensing portion only), Annex 2 Rules of the Air, Annex 3 Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation, Annex 4 Aeronautical Charts (Instrument Chart portion only), Annex 11 Air Traffic Services, Annex 12 Search & Rescue, Annex 15 AIS and Annex 19 Safety Management.
(Note : all references below to ANS shall exclude CNS).
The BIT is the regulatory body that oversees the provision of ANS by the ANS providers to ensure compliance with the national legislations, namely the Civil Aviation Act 1969 and the Civil Aviation Regulations 2016, together with its related ICAO Annexes to the Chicago Convention and ICAO Docs.
PROGRAMME & ACTIVITIES
(1) Safety Oversight Audit / Inspection of ANS Providers are conducted to effectively regulate the provision of ANS. The BIT schedules formal annual audits and inspections, and also, random inspections (as and when required) for which no prior notification is given to ANS providers. The audits/inspections utilise protocol questions and compliance checklists to evaluate the level of adherence to stipulated national legislations, and ANS-related ICAO Annexes to the Chicago Convention and ICAO documents, including best practices. The BIT also conducts oversight of the ATS provider’s safety management system (SMS) to ensure its formal and systematic implementation by all ATSUs, including compliance with stipulated requirements. Currently, the ANS providers that are regulated by the BIT include the Air Traffic Management Sector of DCA, Malaysian Meteorological Department, RMAF and the Malaysian Army.
(2) Personnel Licensing for ATCOs provisions are promulgated in the Civil Aviation Regulations 2016. The BIT is the authority for issuance, renewal, endorsement and validation of an ATC Licence in accordance with ICAO Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention.
(a) ATC Examination activities include all ATC courses at ATC approved training organisations (ATC-ATOs) that are approved by the Director General Civil Aviation (DGCA) and operational ATC examinations at the ATS units that control civil traffic. However, some functions are delegated to designated ATC Examiners who are appointed on a two-year basis by the DGCA.
(b) English Language Proficiency (ELP) Assessment is required for ATCOs, and they must meet the minimum required proficiency level for radiotelephony communications i.e. Level 4 in accordance with ICAO Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention. Implemented on 31 March 2011, an ATC Licence will not be issued or renewed unless the applicant has achieved a minimum Level 4 ELP.
(c) Class 3 Medical Assessment for ATCOs, as part of the pre-requisite for an ATC Licence, shall only be issued by a Designated Aviation Medical Examiner (DAME). The BIT maintains a comprehensive database on all licensing information for all licence holders.
(3) Certification & audit of ATC-ATO for an organisation that is responsible for the training of ATCOs. Such an organisation is required to demonstrate its capability to provide ATC training by holding an ATC-ATO approval certificate that is issued by the DGCA. The BIT conducts a regular oversight programme, including random inspections on the approved ATC-ATO to ensure continuing compliance with the approval requirements.
(4) ATC Incident Investigations are carried out for ATC safety-related occurrences to evaluate and review the effectiveness of the ATC system and its components, as well as recommending mitigation actions towards safety enhancements. The investigative process includes the Incident Review Panel (IRP), the Board of Inquiry (BOI) and the Safety Review Board (SRB).